بررسی نقش واسط دوسوتوانی مدیریت در رابطه بین قصد استراتژیک و استراتژی رقابت همکاری با نقش تعدیل گر اشتراک دانش

نوع مقاله : مقاله مستخرج از رساله دکتری

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری سیاست‌گذاری بازرگانی، گروه مدیریت، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه گیلان

2 دانشیار گروه مدیریت دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی دانشگاه گیلان

چکیده

استراتژی رقابت – همکاری  پدیده‌ای است که حاصل  پیگیری هم‌زمان همکاری و رقابت بین شرکت‌ها است و امروزه به‌طور فزاینده‌ای در مطالعات مدیریت راهبردی محبوب شده است؛ این در حالی است که صنایع با فناوری بالا به دلیل اینکه نیاز به تخصص و تکنولوژی بالا دارند  که ممکن است هر کسب‌وکار به‌طور کامل از آن برخورد نباشد نیاز مبرمی به همکاری و به اشتراک‌گذاری این تخصص و تکنولوژی دارند تا علاوه بر اینکه رقابت می‌کنند با همکاری بتوانند مزیت رقابتی بی‌همتایی ایجاد نمایند. با توجه به مطالب گفته‌شده اتخاذ استراتژی مبتنی بر رقابت همکاری در صنایع با فناوری بالا بیش‌ازپیش پررنگ‌تر می‌شود. هدف از این پژوهش بررسی نقش واسط دوسوتوانی مدیریت در رابطه بین اهداف استراتژیک و استراتژی رقابت همکاری با نقش تعدیل گر اشتراک دانش می‌باشد.
پژوهش حاضر به لحاظ هدف کاربردی و ازنظر روش انجام کار، از نـوع پیمایشـی اسـت. جامعه آماری پژوهش را 109 نفر از مدیران فعال در صنایع با فناوری بالا که تجربه رقابت – همکاری را داشته‌اند تشکیل می‌دهند که با روش نمونه گیری غیر احتمالی در دسترس انتخاب گردیده اند. ابزار پژوهش پرسشنامه می‌باشد که روایی صوری و محتوایی آن با استفاده از نظر خبرگان و روایی سازه با استفاده از تحلیل عاملی تأییدی مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. ضریب آلفای کرونباخ همه متغیرها نیز بیشتر از 7/0 بدست آمد که نشان از تأیید پایایی ابزار است. داده‌های به دست آمده ببا استفاده از روش مدلیابی معادلات ساختاری و نرم افزار َ[AMOS مورد تجزیه وتحلیل قرار گرفت
یافته‌های پژوهش نشان داد، قصد استراتژیک بر دوسوتوانی مدیریت و استراتژی رقابت همکاری تأثیر مثبت و معنی‌داری دارند و دوسوتوانی مدیریت بر استراتژی رقابت همکاری تأثیر معنی‌داری دارد. از نتایج دیگر اینکه دوسوتوانی مدیریت در رابطه بین قصد استراتژیک و استراتژی رقابت همکاری نقش میانجی ایفا می‌کند. علاوه بر این اشتراک دانش در رابطه بین قصد استراتژیک با دوسوتوانی مدیریت و قصد استراتژیک با استراتژی رقابت همکاری نقش تعدیل گر دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Studying the Mediating Role of Management Ambidexterity Between Strategic Intent and Cooperation Competition Strategy with the Moderating Role of Knowledge Sharing

نویسندگان [English]

  • farshad ghaderi 1
  • Ismail Malekakhlagh 2

1 PhD Student in Business Policy, Department of Management, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Guilan

2 Associate Professor, Department of Management, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Guilan

چکیده [English]

Coopetition strategy is a phenomenon that is the result of the simultaneous pursuit of cooperation and competition between companies, and nowadays it has become increasingly popular in strategic management studies; However, since high-tech industries require expertise and high technology, which any business may not fully possess, are in urgent need of cooperation and sharing of this expertise and technology so that in addition to competing, they can create a unique competitive advantage with cooperation. Therefore, the adoption of a strategy based on competition and cooperation in high-tech industries becomes more and more prominent. This research aims to study the role of management ambidexterity between strategic goals and the cooperation competition strategy with the moderating role of knowledge sharing.
This study is applied in terms of purpose and survey in terms of the method of doing the work. The statistical population consists of 109 active managers in high-tech industries who have experienced competition-cooperation, and who were selected by the non-probability sampling method. The research tool is a questionnaire whose form and content validity were examined using experts' opinions and construct validity using confirmatory factor analysis. Cronbach's alpha coefficient of all variables was more than 0.7, which shows the reliability of the tool. The obtained data were analyzed using the structural equation modeling method and AMOS software.
The findings of the research showed that strategic intent has a positive and significant effect on the management ambidexterity and the cooperation competition strategy, and management ambidexterity has a significant effect on the strategy of competition and cooperation. Furthermore, the result shows that management ambidexterity plays a moderating role between strategic intent and the cooperation competition strategy.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cooperation Competition Strategy
  • Management Ambidexterity
  • Knowledge Sharing
  • Strategic Intent
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