مرور سیستماتیک مطالعات استراتژی هم رقابتی در صنعت حمل و نقل و ارائه چارچوب مفهومی

نوع مقاله : مقاله مستخرج از رساله دکتری

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت بازرگانی، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 استاد گروه مدیریت بازرگانی، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران، تهران،

3 دانشیار گروه مدیریت بازرگانی، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

4 دانشیار گروه دریانوردی، دانشکده مهندسی دریا، دانشگاه دریانوردی و علوم دریایی چابهار، چابهار، ایران

چکیده

از اواخر دهه 90 میلادی، تعداد مقالاتی که به موضوع هم رقابتی پرداخته اند، همواره افزایش یافته است. این افزایش در پاسخ به رواج رو به رشد روابط هم رقابتی در بسیاری از صنایع بوده است. پژوهشگران مختلف حوزه هم رقابتی از دیدگاه‌های بسیار متفاوتی به این موضوع پرداخته‌اند و تحقیقات خود را بر اساس چارچوب‌های نظری، انواع تحلیل‌ها، روش‌ها و اهداف مختلف قرار داده‌اند. این مقاله به مرور سیستماتیک مقالاتی که در 26 سال اخیر در حوزه هم رقابتی منتشر شده است، می پردازد. ابتدا ابعاد و مولفه های استراتژی هم رقابتی و سپس ابعاد و مولفه های استراتژی هم رقابتی خاص صنعت حمل و نقل را شناسایی کرده و در نهایت چارچوب استراتژی هم رقابتی ارائه می کند. بدین منظور، با جستجو و بازیابی مطالعات از درون شش پایگاه اطلاعاتی خارجی و داخلی معتبر، 1472 مقاله شناسایی و توسط معیارهای عدم شمول غربالگری شد. نهایتا تنها 190 مقاله برای مطالعه مروری انتخاب شدند. از کل مقالات مورد بررسی قرار گرفته، 14 مقاله مرتبط با ادبیات هم رقابتی در حوزه صنعت حمل و نقل بود. استراتژِی هم رقابتی، حوزه موضوعی جدیدی است، تعدادی از صنایعی خیلی سریع با ادبیات این استراتژی آشنا شده و وارد فضای کسب و کار شد. اما صنعت حمل و نقل جزء صنایعی است که طی یه دهه اخیر (2010 به بعد) به حوزه موضوعی استراتژی هم رقابتی ورود کرده است و مخصوصا طی سه سال اخیر رشد چشم گیری داشته است. نتایج این تحقیق نشان می دهد، ویژگی بین المللی و سرمایه بر بودن صنعت حمل و نقل، شرکت ها را به سمت اتخاذ استراتژی هم رقابتی سوق می دهد و همچنین همکاری شرکت های حمل و نقل رقیب پیامدهای مثبتی مانند کاهش زمان ارائه خدمات، نرخ خدمات و ترافیک خواهد داشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

A Systematic Review of Competitive Strategy Studies in the Transportation Industry and Providing a Conceptual Framework

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mojtaba Abbaspour 1
  • Tahmoores Gholipour 2
  • mohsen nazari 3
  • Jafar Sayare 4

1 Business Management Department/ Management Faculty/ Khoramshahr University

3 Business Management

4 Transportation Department/ Engineer Faculty/ Chabahar University

چکیده [English]

Since the late 1990s, the number of articles dealing with the topic of competition has been increasing. This increase has been in response to the growing prevalence of co-competitive relationships in many industries. Different researchers in the field of competition have addressed this issue from very different perspectives and based their research on theoretical frameworks, types of analysis, methods, and different goals. This article deals with a systematic review of the articles that have been published in the last 26 years in the field of competition. First, it identifies the dimensions and components of the competitive strategy, then the dimensions and components of the specific competitive strategy of the transportation industry, and finally provides the framework of the competitive strategy. For this purpose, by searching and retrieving studies from six valid foreign and domestic databases, 1472 articles were identified and screened by non-inclusion criteria. Finally, only 190 articles were selected for review. Out of all the reviewed articles, 14 articles were related to competitive literature in the field of the transportation industry. Competitive strategy is a new subject areaseveralof industries very quickly got acquainted with its literature and entered the business space. But the transportation industry is one of the industries that has entered the field of competitive strategy in the last decade (2010 onwards) and has grown significantly in the last three years. The results show that the international and capital-intensive nature of the transportation industry leads companies to adopt a competitive strategy. Furthermore, the cooperation of competing transport companies will have positive consequences such as reducing service delivery time, service rates, and traffic.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • coopetition strategy
  • transportation industry
  • cooperation and competition
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