شناسایی استراتژی‌ها و رتبه‌بندی ابزارهای تولید ناب برای دستیابی به تولید در کلاس جهانی با رویکرد تئوری خاکستری فازی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه مدیریت، دانشکده بین المللی تکنولوژی مالزی-ژاپن، دانشگاه تکنولوژی مالزی (UTM)، کوالالامپور، مالزی

2 دانشیار گروه مدیریت، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

10.22070/cs.2021.14186.1084

چکیده

سازمانهای کلاس جهانی، نسل جدیدی از سازمانها هستند که نتیجه تغییر در دنیای کسب وکار امروزی اند. این پژوهش با هدف بررسی تعامل بین موضوعات سیستم تولید ناب و ساخت کلاس جهانی(WCM)، در دو مرحله انجام شده است. جامعه آماری پژوهش، ۵ شرکت در حوزه صنایع غذایی می باشد که اقداماتی را در راستای تولید در کلاس جهانی شروع کرده اند. در مرحله اول با تجزیه و تحلیل داده های به دست آمـده از پرسشنامه تحقیق به شناسایی ارتیاط بین ایزارهای تولید ناب و ارکان کلاس جهانی با استفاده از تئوری سیستم های خاکستری (GRA) پرداخته می شود که نشان می دهد چگونه آنها به سازمان ها برای رسیدن به سازمانی در کلاس جهانی کمک می کنند. نتایج به دست آمده از این مرحله نشان داد که از ابزارهای تولید ناب، نقشه برداری جریان، کایزن، تعمیر و نگهداری جامع تولید، شش سیگما، کار استاندارد وS5 برای استفاده و پیاده سازی در محیط سازمانی مطرح هستند. در مرحله دوم با استفاده از تئوری خاکستری فازی به شناسایی و رتبه بندی محرکها و موانع اجرای تکنیک های WCM پرداخته شد. با توجه به ضریب رابطه ای خاکستری مهمترین محرک ها عبارتند از: "کاهش هزینه های عملیاتی (بازاریابی و تولید)" و "مسائل جهانی (محیط زیست-بازار)" و برنامه ریزی ضعیف و عدم دانش مهمترین موانع اجرای تولید در کلاس جهانی در بخش تولید هستند. در نهایت بـا توجه به نتایج به دست آمده دو استراتژی تمایز و رهبری در هزینه را جزو اولویت استراتژی ها مطرح و راهکارهای کاربردی در جهت حذف موانع مطرح گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Identify strategies and rank lean manufacturing tools to achieve world-class production With the fuzzy gray theoretic approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • Neda Jalaliyoon 1
  • Hasan Farsijani 2

1 Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology- University Technology Malaysia

2 Associate Professor of Shahid Beheshti University- Faculty of management and accounting

چکیده [English]

World-class organizations are a new generation of organizations that are the result of change in today's business world. The aim of this study was to investigate the interaction between the issues of lean manufacturing system and world class manufacturing (WCM) in two stages. The statistical population of the study is 5 companies in the field of the food industry that have started measuring for world-class production. In the first stage, by analyzing the data obtained from the research questionnaire, the relationship between lean manufacturing schemes and world-class pillars is identified using Gray Systems Theory (GRA), which shows how they reach organizations to reach Help a world-class organization. The results obtained from this stage showed that the tools of lean manufacturing, flow mapping, Kaizen, comprehensive maintenance of production, Six Sigma, standard work and S5 for use and implementation in the organizational environment. In the second stage, using fuzzy gray theory, the stimuli and obstacles to the implementation of WCM techniques were identified and ranked. Due to the gray correlation coefficient, the most important stimuli are: "reduction of operating costs (marketing and production)" and "global issues (environment-market)" and poor planning and lack of knowledge are the most important obstacles to world-class production in Are the production sector. Finally, according to the obtained results, the two strategies of differentiation and cost leadership were among the priorities of the strategies and practical solutions were proposed to remove the obstacles.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • World-class production
  • world-class management
  • Strategy
  • gray systems theory
  • fuzzy gray theory
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